Its geographical location, its natural harbor but also the proximity to the golden mountain Paggaio make it one of the oldest coastal towns in the wider region, with its traces lost in the depths of prehistory.
In this city the Apostle Paul arrives to teach the message of Christianity in Europe for the first time in 49 AD and baptizes Lydia, the first European Christian, on the banks of the Zygata River.
On the triangular peninsula of the hill of Kavala,until 1864 the old town was restricted, which was the continuation of ancient Neapolis and Byzantine Christopolis. Within the same space, the same city is presented, in different seasons,with a different name. Each name is characteristic and corresponds to a historical period. Neapolis in the ancient period, Christopolis in the Byzantine and Kavala in the newer.
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